Document Type : Original Article


1 College of Life Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, 11111, Sudan


The recent trend of using natural products from the plants, either as pure constituents or as standardised extracts, provides many opportunities for novel drugs, precisely the wild edible plants. The Adansonia digitata is considered one of the most important therapeutic and nutritional wild edible plants because of bioactive compounds existing in the seed oil; therefore, this study investigated the petroleum ether and methanol seed oil extracts via using two analytical methods [GC-MS, and FTIR spectrometer]. The seed oil was extracted by using Soxhlet apparatus. The GC-MS analysis of A. digitata seed oil showed thirty-five compounds. About twenty-four of them showed peak Area > 1%, The major compounds were eight, they showed peak area% (2.6%-1508%), namely Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester, 9-Octadecenoic acid, methyl ester, (E), 9, 17-Octadecadienal, (Z), 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z, Z)-, methyl ester, Diethyl malonic acid, monochloride, hexadecyl ester, Malonic acid, 4-heptyl propyl ester, 9-Octadecenal, and (Z), 13-Tetradecen-1-ol acetate, while the FTIR spectrum showed functional groups for alcohols, phenols, alkanes, alkenes, carbonyls and Carboxylic acids and aromatic compounds in the petroleum ether and methanol extracts with different absorbance bands and their correspondences. The GC-MS and FTIR analysis showed the availability of bioactive compounds in the plant extracts, and these ingredients may be responsible of pharmaceutical value of the A. digitata plant.

Graphical Abstract

Gas Chromatography-Mass spectrum and Infra-Red spectral analysis of Fixed Oil from Sudanese Adansonia digitata Seeds


Main Subjects

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