Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, University of Zanjan, P O Box 45195-313, Zanjan, Iran

2 Research Institute of Modern Biological Techniques (RIMBT), P O Box 45195-313, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

10.33945/SAMI/CHEMM.2019.6.2

Abstract

In this work, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were fabricated using Arabic gum as a reducing and stabilizing agent by the novel sol-gel method without adding any surfactants. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Subsequently, ZnO nanoparticles as efficient catalysts were consumed for the three-component coupling of 2-naphthol, aldehydes, and dimedone under microwave irradiation and solvent-free conditions in order to furnish the corresponding synthesis of 12-aryl-tetrahydrobenzo[α]xanthene-11-one derivatives in high yields.

Graphical Abstract

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Main Subjects

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