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Document Type : Original Article


Department of Chemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad-500 007, T.S., India


Benzamide/ Sulfuryl Chloride (SO2Cl2) reagent has been developed as a Vilsmeier- Haack(VH) reagent for benzoylation of aromatic compounds by using the conventional and ultrasonic sonication (US), and microwave (MW) conditions. Benzoylation is much more competent and faster than the analogous VH ((Benzamide/ POCl3) or (Benzamide/ SOCl2)) reagents and afforded benzoyl derivatives in good yields.  Reaction times are moderately less than those observed with [Benzamide/ POCl3] and (Benzamide/ SOCl2) reagents. Reaction times are far less in microwave assisted (MWAR) reactions than ultrasonically assisted (USAS) reactions , which in turn are less than the conventional method with a decreasing  trend: MWAR (seconds) << Sonication (minutes) << conventional (hrs). The highly remarkable rate accelerations in MW assisted reactions are attributed to the bulk activation of the molecules; while US assisted reactions could be accounted for cavitation effects. 

Graphical Abstract

Ultrasonic and Microwave Effects on the Benzamide/Sulfuryl Chloride Mediated Benzoylation of Benzene Derivatives under Vilsmeier-Haack Conditions


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